Thermoplastic Railing Systems Technical Info
Thermoplastic handrails and railings, including connectors, fasteners,
and system required accessories.
Section 03410 - Plant
Precast Structural Concrete.
Section 05520 - Handrails and Railings:
Handrails other than decorative handrails specified in this Section.
ASTM D 256 - Standard Test Methods for Determining the Izod Pendulum
Impact Resistance of Plastics.
ASTM D 638 - Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics.
ASTM D 648 - Standard Test Method for Deflection Temperature of
Plastics Under Flexural Load in the Edgewise Position.
ASTM D 695 - Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid
ASTM D 790 - Standard Test Methods for Flexural Properties of
Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating materials.
ASTM D 792 - Standard Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity
(Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement.
ASTM D 870 - Standard Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings
Using Water Immersion; 1992.
ASTM D 2247 - Standard Practice for Testing Water Resistance of
Coatings in 100% Humidity; 1994.
ASTM D 2794 - Standard Test Method for Resistance of Organic Coatings
to the Effect of Rapid Deformation (Impact); 1993.
Performance Requirements: Comply
with loading capacity required by Code applicable in the jurisdiction of the
Physical Properties of Thermoplastic Tubing:
As follows, when tested per standards referenced:
Specific Gravity: 1.44 per
Compressive Strength: 8,100
psi (56 MPa) per ASTM D695.
Flexural Strength: 11,100
psi (76 MPa) per ASTM D790.
Tensile Strength: 6,000 psi
(41 MPa) per ASTM D638.
Flexural Modulus: 406,000
psi (2799 MPa) per ASTM D790.
Tensile Modulus: 355,000
psi (2448 MPa) per ASTM D638.
IZOD Impact - Notched: 17
pound-force per inch per ASTM D256.
Heat Deflection: 264 psi (2
MPa) per ASTM D648.
Provide compounds used in manufacture of railing components that have
undergone extensive outdoor testing, for minimum of 24 consecutive months, in
climates representing extremes encountered in continental United States as
follows. Results of testing shall
remain within parameters established for exterior applications by manufacturer
Arizona (hot and dry).
Florida (hot and wet).
New York (freeze/thaw, pollutants).
Structural Performance of Top Rails and Supports:
Capable of withstanding a concentrated load of 200 pounds (90.6 kg),
applied to top rail at any point and in any direction.
Capable of withstanding a uniform load of 50 pounds per linear foot
(74.3 kg/m) applied to the top rail horizontally with a simultaneous load of
100 pounds per linear foot (148.6 kg/m) applied vertically downward.
Design need not provide for both concentrated and uniform loads to be
Structural Performance of Guardrail Infill:
Capable of withstanding a horizontal concentrated load of 200 pounds
(90.6 kg), applied to a 1-foot (30.5 mm) square area at any point on infill.
Infill is defined to include panels, intermediate rails, balusters, and
Design need not provide for infill loads to be applied concurrently
with top rail loads.
Integrity of wall thickness:
Do not compromise wall thickness at any location throughout system by
milling, drilling, non-extruded fittings (crosses, tees, elbows, etc.) or
other manufacturing or molding process.
Submit under provisions of Section 01300.
[ [ Product Data ] ]:
For each type of product specified.
Shop Drawings: Showing
fabrication and installation of handrails and railings including plans,
elevations, sections, details of components, and attachments to other Work, if
Samples for Verification: Provide
Samples of each type of exposed finish required, prepared on components
indicated below that are of same thickness and metal indicated for final unit
of Work. Where finishes involve
normal color and texture variations, include Sample sets showing full range of
6-inch long sections of each distinctly different linear railing member
including handrails, top rails, posts, and balusters.
Brackets and/or miscellaneous attachment accessories.
Product test reports from qualified independent test laboratory
evidencing compliance of railing components and systems width requirements
based on comprehensive testing of current products.
Weathering performance data substantiating product performance.
Research Reports or evaluation reports of model code organization
acceptable to authorities having jurisdiction that evidence railing system's
compliance with building code in effect for Project.
Qualification Data: For
firms and persons specified in Quality Assurance Article to demonstrate their
capabilities and experience. Include
list of completed projects with project names, addresses, names of architects
and owners, plus other information specified.
Manufacturer's Qualifications: Firm
that has produced types of handrail and railing systems required for not less
then 10 years, with not less than 5 similar projects that have been successful
use for not less than 5 years.
Installer Qualifications: Minimum
2 years experience in successful installation of stair and railing systems of
type specified or trained by manufacturer.
Field Measurements: Where
handrails are indicated to fit other construction, check actual dimensions of
other construction by actual field measurements before fabrication.
Indicate recorded measurements on approved Shop Drawings.
Coordinate fabrication schedule with construction progress to avoid
delay of Work.
Acceptable Manufacturer: Advanced Products, LLC (AVCON), which is
located at: 1915 Swarthmore Avenue; Lakewood, NJ 08701; Toll Free Tel: 800
RAILING (724-5464); Tel: 732-286-9496; Fax: 732-286-0526; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web: www.AVCON.com
Requests for substitutions will be considered in accordance with
provisions of Section 01600.
Harbor Master 1-8 lines.
Continental 1-8 lines.
Railing Infill Type:
Pickets: 1 inch (25 mm)
Horizontal Rails: 2 inch
(51 mm) tubing OD.
Glass: 3/8 inch (9 mm)
Trespa Panel: 3/8 inch (9
Decorative Panel: Decorative
Lattice Panel: Triple
Height: 6 inches (152 mm).
Height: 12 inches (305 mm).
Height: 24 inches (610 mm).
Height: 36 inches (914 mm).
Height: 42 inches (1067
Height: 48 inches (1219
Height: 72 inches (1229
Tubing Components: Tubing
consists of high-impact, outdoor weather-resistant tubing components
fabricated from acrylonitrile styrene acrylate (ASA), specially formulated
with specific stabilizers and modifiers for strength, durability, ultraviolet
light protection, and with inhibitors for expansion and contraction.
Use compounds that have undergone testing demonstrating that resins are
dimensionally stable, fade resistant, and retentive of key physical
engineering properties, and that support color retention and stability,
mechanical property retention including impact, and tensile strength.
Top, Intermediate, and Bottom Rails:
Rails: 2 inch outside
diameter tubing with nominal wall of 5/16 inch (8 mm).
Posts: 2 inch outside diameter tubing with nominal wall of 5/16 inch (8
Posts: Larger diameter
steel pipe reinforcing, alternately reducing wall thickness of thermoplastic
tubing, maintaining 2 inches outside diameter.
Wall Mounted Handrail and Handgrip Portion of Handrail:
Handrail: 2 inch (51 mm) OD
diameter tubing with nominal wall thickness of 5/16 inch (8 mm).
Handrail: 1-1/2 inch (38
mm) OD diameter tubing with nominal wall thickness of 5/16 inch (8 mm).
Guardrail Infill System: Consists
of intermediate rail balusters with 1-1/16 inch (27 mm) OD tubing and nominal
wall thickness of 5/32 inch (4 mm).
Aluminum Reinforcement: Reinforce
vertical balusters in Daytona railing heights in excess of 42 inches (1067
Steel Reinforcement: Reinforce
vertical balusters in excess of 36 inches (914 mm) in height with internal
Steel Pipe Reinforcement: Provide
standard weight schedule 40 galvanized steel pipe, ASTM A53, Type F, at the
Railing posts and top horizontal rail of styles that do not contain
Rail Reinforcement: Reinforce
horizontal rails (exclusive of radius railing) where balusters are inserted,
reinforce with heavy gauge extruded aluminum designed to allow insertion of
Post Mounting: Minimum of
5/16 inch (8 mm) thick galvanized steel, pre drilled for fasteners.
Provide the following mounting configuration:
Surface mounted flange plate.
Brackets, Flanges, and Fittings: Same
material as primary railing components.
Anchors and Inserts: Galvanized
or stainless steel, expansion type; capable of withstanding structural design
Screws: Galvanized or
stainless steel, 18-8 alloy, non-magnetic.
Balcony Separators: Manufacturer's
aluminum fasteners designed to hold separation panels between 1/4 inch (6 mm)
and 5/16 inch (8 mm) thick.
Grout: Non-shrink Portland
cement-based hydraulic grout, mixed and applied per manufacturer's
instructions; no gypsum grout allowed.
handrails and railing systems to comply with requirements indicated for
design, dimensions, details, finish, and member sizes, including wall
thickness of members, post spacing, and anchorage, but not less than those
required to support structural loads.
Pre-assemble railing systems in shop to greatest extent possible to
minimize field splicing and assembly. Disassemble
units only as necessary for shipping and handling limitations.
Use connections that maintain structural value of joined pieces.
Clearly mark units for reassembling and coordinated installation.
Post Assembly: Fabricate
from one continuous length of tubing running continually from deck-mounting
surface to top of railing assembly. Provide
posts without seams, joints, or other interruptions.
Angle Posts: Fabricate from
reinforced tubing located between horizontal railing members and designed to
allow for continuous flow of horizontal railing members.
Design intermediate post members to fit snugly on horizontal rails,
free from seams and joints.
Non-Welded Connections: At
horizontal railing members, fabricate system for connection of sections by
means of railing manufacturer's specially designed dual lock connector.
Size connector to accommodate inside diameter of exterior railing
member. Once connected, make final
connection using 1/8 inch (3 mm) diameter stainless steel sleeve pin placed in
appropriate sized pre-drilled hole. Once
installed, fill hole with non-shrink silicone.
Expansion Joint: Provide
for an expansion joint to top horizontal rail where sections are field joined.
Incorporate internal sleeve that is independent of outer tubing or
Color of Expansion Sleeve: Match
outer tubing color.
Expansion Collars: Where
appropriate, incorporate use of expansion collars at points where rails
terminate at posts, top horizontal rail, or both.
Obtain approval of local authority prior to use.
Provide inserts and other anchorage devices for connection handrails
and railing systems to concrete or masonry work. Fabricate anchorage devices
capable of withstanding loading imposed by handrail and railing systems.
Coordinate anchorage devices with supporting structure.
Thermoplastic Finish and Color: Smooth
finish in color as selected by Architect from Manufacturer's stocking color
Color: Selected by
Architect from manufacturer's standard color selections.
Color: Custom color.
Base Flange Plate Coatings: Based
on ASTM B633 for coatings applied to iron and steel.
Type 2: With colored
chromate conversion coatings.
Classification Number: Fe/Zn
Minimum Thickness: 25
Service Condition: SC 4
Exposure to harsh conditions, or subject to frequent exposure to moisture,
cleaners, and saline solutions, plus likely damage by denting, scratching, or
Do not begin installation until substrates have been properly prepared.
Verify that reinforcement and anchoring devices are the correct type,
have been located correctly, and have been installed properly.
If substrate preparation is the responsibility of another installer,
notify Architect of unsatisfactory preparation before proceeding.
Coordinate drawings, diagrams, templates, instruction, and directions
for installation of anchors, such as sleeves, concrete inserts, anchor bolts,
and miscellaneous items having integral anchors, that are to be embedded in
concrete as masonry construction.
Manufacturer shall supply all integral hardware for connection of
handrail and railing to each other.
Provide hardware needed to connect handrail or railing to adjoining
structures. Coordinate delivery of such items to Project site.
Fit sections accurately together.
Set handrails and railings accurately in location, alignment, and
elevation, measured from established lines and levels and free from rack.
Do not cut or abrade surfaces of handrails and railing components.
Install handrails and railings systems to comply with railing
Fastening To In-Place Construction:
Provide anchorage devices and fasteners where necessary for securing
handrails and railings to existing construction.
INSTALLATION - POSTS
Adjust handrails and railing systems prior to anchoring to ensure
matching alignment. Space posts at
intervals indicated but not greater than that required by design loading.
Anchor posts in concrete by core drilling holes not less than 4 inches
(102 mm) deep and I inch (25 mm) greater that outside diameter of post.
Clean holes of loose material and insert posts.
Fill annular space between post and concrete with non-shrink,
non-metallic grout as specified in Part 2 above, mixed and poured to comply
with anchoring material manufacturer's directions.
Anchor posts onto mounting surface by means of railing manufacturer's
recommended method, including specified mounting or other means of anchorage
as determined by railing manufacturer.
Remove manufacturer's protective covering from exposed surfaces not
more than 24 hours after installation in hot and humid climates and before
Clean surfaces as required, following procedures and employing cleaning
materials as recommended by accessories manufacturer.
Protect installed products from damage by subsequent construction
activities, until completion of Project.
Field repair of damaged product finishes is limited to surface scratch
repairs only. Use manufactures
suggested field repair procedure only. Replace
products that have been structurally damaged by subsequent construction